Women's Work in the Long 19th Century

Managing the "Help" - Works Cited
Cather, Willa. My Antonia. New York: Houghton Mifflen, 1995.

Diner, Hasia. Erin’s Daughters in America: Irish Immigrant Women in the Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1984.

Hunter, Tera W. To ‘Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women’s Lives and Labors After the Civil War. Cambridge: Harvard U Press, 1998.

Sedgwick, Catharine Maria. Live and Let Live; or, Domestic Service Illustrated. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1837.

Sigourney, L. H. Letters to Mothers. Hartford: Hudson and Skinner, 1838.

Sterling, Dorothy, Ed. We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Norton, 1984.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. “The Lady Who Does Her Own Work.” Household Papers and Stories. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1896. 85-101.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. “Trials of a Housekeeper.” Household Papers and Stories. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1896. 487-93.


Managing the "Help" - Image Citations

Fig. 2. 1.1. Leadbeater's Renowned Stove Polish. The Library Company of Philadelphia, Philadelphia. (7) 1322.F.441a.

Fig. 3. 1.1. G. Hens & Rexsamer, “Smith Brothers chemically pure Borax”. The Library Company of Philadelphia, Philadelphia. 1975.F.751.

Goodwin Gas Stove & Metes Co., "After...Sun Dial Gas Stove". The Library Company of Philadelphia, Philadelphia. 1975.F.867.